“You know that place between sleep and awake? That place where you still remember dreaming? That's where I'll always love you That's where I'll be waiting. I hang out in that place between sleep and awake on a daily basis. I can never seem to turn my brain off when I want to fall asleep and vivid. James M. Barrie Quote: “You know that place between sleep and awake,. “You know that place between sleep and awake. ETHEREUM WALLET TRACKER
I was seeing a young boy about to take his own life, and before he jumped, a hand reached out to stop him. I woke with a start, tears on my face. Then I was totally awake. Did you ever see the movie Hook? I hang out in that place between sleep and awake on a daily basis. I can never seem to turn my brain off when I want to fall asleep and vivid dreams can awaken me and then I just stay awake.
Sometimes more than three at a time. My fellow creative types gotta know how that feels lol. What about the rest of the writers out there? That's where I'll be waiting. Soon after my return home, my father suffered a stroke.
This body of work speaks about the uncertainty of health and illness, and of the emotional and psychological weight of role reversal resulting in the act of caregiving toward a parent. This work reflects the struggle for balance that I am striving to attain between the personal guilt and worry that I carry from being far away from my family and the equanimity that I feel from not having to hold the responsibility. The work also addresses the paradoxical state of the silence and loneliness of my new home, with the comfort and familiarity of my old home, As well as the memories, experiences, and relationships that these spaces once held.
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Recently, consciousness has also become a significant topic of interdisciplinary research in cognitive science , involving fields such as psychology , linguistics , anthropology,  neuropsychology and neuroscience. The primary focus is on understanding what it means biologically and psychologically for information to be present in consciousness—that is, on determining the neural and psychological correlates of consciousness.
The majority of experimental studies assess consciousness in humans by asking subjects for a verbal report of their experiences e. Issues of interest include phenomena such as subliminal perception , blindsight , denial of impairment , and altered states of consciousness produced by alcohol and other drugs , or spiritual or meditative techniques. In medicine , consciousness is assessed by observing a patient's arousal and responsiveness, and can be seen as a continuum of states ranging from full alertness and comprehension, through disorientation, delirium , loss of meaningful communication, and finally loss of movement in response to painful stimuli.
John Locke , British Enlightenment philosopher from the 17th century In the late 20th century, philosophers like Hamlyn , Rorty , and Wilkes have disagreed with Kahn , Hardie and Modrak as to whether Aristotle even had a concept of consciousness. Aristotle does not use any single word or terminology to name the phenomenon ; it is used only much later, especially by John Locke.
Caston contends that for Aristotle, perceptual awareness was somewhat the same as what modern philosophers call consciousness. The English word "conscious" originally derived from the Latin conscius con- "together" and scio "to know" , but the Latin word did not have the same meaning as the English word—it meant "knowing with", in other words, "having joint or common knowledge with another".
This phrase had the figurative meaning of "knowing that one knows", as the modern English word "conscious" does. In its earliest uses in the s, the English word "conscious" retained the meaning of the Latin conscius. For example, Thomas Hobbes in Leviathan wrote: "Where two, or more men, know of one and the same fact, they are said to be Conscious of it one to another.
For example, Archbishop Ussher wrote in of "being so conscious unto myself of my great weakness". A related word was conscientia , which primarily means moral conscience. In the literal sense, "conscientia" means knowledge-with, that is, shared knowledge. The word first appears in Latin juridical texts by writers such as Cicero.
The prospects for reaching any single, agreed-upon, theory-independent definition of consciousness appear remote. The common usage definitions of consciousness in Webster's Third New International Dictionary edition, Volume 1, page are as follows: awareness or perception of an inward psychological or spiritual fact; intuitively perceived knowledge of something in one's inner self inward awareness of an external object, state, or fact concerned awareness; INTEREST, CONCERN—often used with an attributive noun [e.
The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy in defines consciousness as follows: Consciousness—Philosophers have used the term 'consciousness' for four main topics: knowledge in general, intentionality, introspection and the knowledge it specifically generates and phenomenal experience Something within one's mind is 'introspectively conscious' just in case one introspects it or is poised to do so. Introspection is often thought to deliver one's primary knowledge of one's mental life. An experience or other mental entity is 'phenomenally conscious' just in case there is 'something it is like' for one to have it.
The clearest examples are: perceptual experience, such as tastings and seeings; bodily-sensational experiences, such as those of pains, tickles and itches; imaginative experiences, such as those of one's own actions or perceptions; and streams of thought, as in the experience of thinking 'in words' or 'in images'. Introspection and phenomenality seem independent, or dissociable, although this is controversial.
The term is impossible to define except in terms that are unintelligible without a grasp of what consciousness means. Many fall into the trap of equating consciousness with self-consciousness —to be conscious it is only necessary to be aware of the external world.
Consciousness is a fascinating but elusive phenomenon: it is impossible to specify what it is, what it does, or why it has evolved. Nothing worth reading has been written on it. If awareness of awareness is required, then it is doubtful whether the great apes and human infants are conscious. For surveys, the most common approach is to follow a historical path by associating stances with the philosophers who are most strongly associated with them, for example, Descartes, Locke, Kant, etc.
An alternative is to organize philosophical stances according to basic issues. The coherence of the concept[ edit ] Philosophers differ from non-philosophers in their intuitions about what consciousness is. Gilbert Ryle , for example, argued that traditional understanding of consciousness depends on a Cartesian dualist outlook that improperly distinguishes between mind and body, or between mind and world.
He proposed that we speak not of minds, bodies, and the world, but of individuals, or persons, acting in the world. Thus, by speaking of "consciousness" we end up misleading ourselves by thinking that there is any sort of thing as consciousness separated from behavioral and linguistic understandings. These experiences, considered independently of any impact on behavior, are called qualia.
A-consciousness, on the other hand, is the phenomenon whereby information in our minds is accessible for verbal report, reasoning, and the control of behavior. So, when we perceive , information about what we perceive is access conscious; when we introspect , information about our thoughts is access conscious; when we remember , information about the past is access conscious, and so on.
Although some philosophers, such as Daniel Dennett , have disputed the validity of this distinction,  others have broadly accepted it. David Chalmers has argued that A-consciousness can in principle be understood in mechanistic terms, but that understanding P-consciousness is much more challenging: he calls this the hard problem of consciousness.
Although P-consciousness without A-consciousness is more widely accepted, there have been some hypothetical examples of A without P. Block, for instance, suggests the case of a " zombie " that is computationally identical to a person but without any subjectivity.
However, he remains somewhat skeptical concluding "I don't know whether there are any actual cases of A-consciousness without P-consciousness, but I hope I have illustrated their conceptual possibility. Psychologist and educator William Foulkes studied children's dreams and concluded that prior to the shift in cognitive maturation that humans experience during ages five to seven,  children lack the Lockean consciousness that Lycan had labeled "introspective consciousness" and that Foulkes labels "self-reflection.
Nelson and Fivush contend that "language is the tool by which humans create a new, uniquely human form of consciousness, namely, autobiographical consciousness. Inputs are passed by the sensory organs to the pineal gland and from there to the immaterial spirit. Mental processes such as consciousness and physical processes such as brain events seem to be correlated, however the specific nature of the connection is unknown. The first influential philosopher to discuss this question specifically was Descartes , and the answer he gave is known as Cartesian dualism.
Descartes proposed that consciousness resides within an immaterial domain he called res cogitans the realm of thought , in contrast to the domain of material things, which he called res extensa the realm of extension. Proposed solutions can be divided broadly into two categories: dualist solutions that maintain Descartes's rigid distinction between the realm of consciousness and the realm of matter but give different answers for how the two realms relate to each other; and monist solutions that maintain that there is really only one realm of being, of which consciousness and matter are both aspects.
Each of these categories itself contains numerous variants. The two main types of dualism are substance dualism which holds that the mind is formed of a distinct type of substance not governed by the laws of physics and property dualism which holds that the laws of physics are universally valid but cannot be used to explain the mind.
The three main types of monism are physicalism which holds that the mind consists of matter organized in a particular way , idealism which holds that only thought or experience truly exists, and matter is merely an illusion , and neutral monism which holds that both mind and matter are aspects of a distinct essence that is itself identical to neither of them.
There are also, however, a large number of idiosyncratic theories that cannot cleanly be assigned to any of these schools of thought. The first influential writer to propose such an idea explicitly was Julien Offray de La Mettrie , in his book Man a Machine L'homme machine. His arguments, however, were very abstract. Theories proposed by neuroscientists such as Gerald Edelman  and Antonio Damasio ,  and by philosophers such as Daniel Dennett,  seek to explain consciousness in terms of neural events occurring within the brain.
Many other neuroscientists, such as Christof Koch ,  have explored the neural basis of consciousness without attempting to frame all-encompassing global theories. At the same time, computer scientists working in the field of artificial intelligence have pursued the goal of creating digital computer programs that can simulate or embody consciousness. Several theorists have therefore proposed quantum mind QM theories of consciousness.
Some of these QM theories offer descriptions of phenomenal consciousness, as well as QM interpretations of access consciousness. None of the quantum mechanical theories have been confirmed by experiment.
Recent publications by G. Guerreshi, J. Cia, S. Popescu, and H. Briegel  could falsify proposals such as those of Hameroff, which rely on quantum entanglement in protein. At the present time many scientists and philosophers consider the arguments for an important role of quantum phenomena to be unconvincing.
The topic of free will is the philosophical and scientific examination of this conundrum. Problem of other minds[ edit ] Main article: Problem of other minds Many philosophers consider experience to be the essence of consciousness, and believe that experience can only fully be known from the inside, subjectively. But if consciousness is subjective and not visible from the outside, why do the vast majority of people believe that other people are conscious, but rocks and trees are not?
For one thing, it seems to violate the principle of parsimony , by postulating an invisible entity that is not necessary to explain what we observe. A more straightforward way of saying this is that we attribute experiences to people because of what they can do, including the fact that they can tell us about their experiences. It poses the problem of other minds in an especially severe form, because non-human animals, lacking the ability to express human language, cannot tell humans about their experiences.
Descartes, for example, has sometimes been blamed for mistreatment of animals due to the fact that he believed only humans have a non-physical mind. Philosophers who consider subjective experience the essence of consciousness also generally believe, as a correlate, that the existence and nature of animal consciousness can never rigorously be known.
He said that an organism is conscious "if and only if there is something that it is like to be that organism—something it is like for the organism"; and he argued that no matter how much we know about an animal's brain and behavior, we can never really put ourselves into the mind of the animal and experience its world in the way it does itself.
After the conference, they signed in the presence of Stephen Hawking , the 'Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness', which summarizes the most important findings of the survey: "We decided to reach a consensus and make a statement directed to the public that is not scientific. It's obvious to everyone in this room that animals have consciousness, but it is not obvious to the rest of the world.
It is not obvious to the rest of the Western world or the Far East. It is not obvious to the society. Lovelace was essentially dismissive of the idea that a machine such as the Analytical Engine could think in a humanlike way. She wrote: It is desirable to guard against the possibility of exaggerated ideas that might arise as to the powers of the Analytical Engine. The Analytical Engine has no pretensions whatever to originate anything. It can do whatever we know how to order it to perform.
It can follow analysis; but it has no power of anticipating any analytical relations or truths. Its province is to assist us in making available what we are already acquainted with. Turing disavowed any interest in terminology, saying that even "Can machines think? In his essay Turing discussed a variety of possible objections, and presented a counterargument to each of them.
The Turing test is commonly cited in discussions of artificial intelligence as a proposed criterion for machine consciousness; it has provoked a great deal of philosophical debate. For example, Daniel Dennett and Douglas Hofstadter argue that anything capable of passing the Turing test is necessarily conscious,  while David Chalmers argues that a philosophical zombie could pass the test, yet fail to be conscious.
John Searle in December In a lively exchange over what has come to be referred to as "the Chinese room argument", John Searle sought to refute the claim of proponents of what he calls "strong artificial intelligence AI " that a computer program can be conscious, though he does agree with advocates of "weak AI" that computer programs can be formatted to "simulate" conscious states.
His own view is that consciousness has subjective, first-person causal powers by being essentially intentional due simply to the way human brains function biologically; conscious persons can perform computations, but consciousness is not inherently computational the way computer programs are. To make a Turing machine that speaks Chinese, Searle imagines a room with one monolingual English speaker Searle himself, in fact , a book that designates a combination of Chinese symbols to be output paired with Chinese symbol input, and boxes filled with Chinese symbols.
In this case, the English speaker is acting as a computer and the rulebook as a program. Searle argues that with such a machine, he would be able to process the inputs to outputs perfectly without having any understanding of Chinese, nor having any idea what the questions and answers could possibly mean. If the experiment were done in English, since Searle knows English, he would be able to take questions and give answers without any algorithms for English questions, and he would be effectively aware of what was being said and the purposes it might serve.
Searle would pass the Turing test of answering the questions in both languages, but he is only conscious of what he is doing when he speaks English. Another way of putting the argument is to say that computer programs can pass the Turing test for processing the syntax of a language, but that the syntax cannot lead to semantic meaning in the way strong AI advocates hoped. But other thinkers sympathetic to his basic argument have suggested that the necessary though perhaps still not sufficient extra conditions may include the ability to pass not just the verbal version of the Turing test, but the robotic version,  which requires grounding the robot's words in the robot's sensorimotor capacity to categorize and interact with the things in the world that its words are about, Turing-indistinguishably from a real person.
Turing-scale robotics is an empirical branch of research on embodied cognition and situated cognition. However, this test can be used only to detect, but not refute the existence of consciousness. A positive result proves that machine is conscious but a negative result proves nothing. For example, absence of philosophical judgments may be caused by lack of the machine's intellect, not by absence of consciousness. Scientific study[ edit ] For many decades, consciousness as a research topic was avoided by the majority of mainstream scientists, because of a general feeling that a phenomenon defined in subjective terms could not properly be studied using objective experimental methods.
Starting in the s, an expanding community of neuroscientists and psychologists have associated themselves with a field called Consciousness Studies, giving rise to a stream of experimental work published in books,  journals such as Consciousness and Cognition , Frontiers in Consciousness Research, Psyche , and the Journal of Consciousness Studies , along with regular conferences organized by groups such as the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness  and the Society for Consciousness Studies.
Modern medical and psychological investigations into consciousness are based on psychological experiments including, for example, the investigation of priming effects using subliminal stimuli , and on case studies of alterations in consciousness produced by trauma, illness, or drugs. Broadly viewed, scientific approaches are based on two core concepts. The first identifies the content of consciousness with the experiences that are reported by human subjects; the second makes use of the concept of consciousness that has been developed by neurologists and other medical professionals who deal with patients whose behavior is impaired.
Well, if a man is dreaming about having a baby, it usually means that his virility is lacking. Also, a dream about having a baby in this case can mean that a dreamer is setting new goals in life, so. However, to carry a baby. Having a younger boyfriend dream is a hint for changes or challenges in your life. You are feeling insecure about the progress you have made so far in life. You need to stop seeing things in black and white.
Your dream signifies your determination and drive toward your goals. You had no idea of such skills progressing within you. Now that you've discovered it, you are ready to make full use of your potential. Good Health In general, birthdays and celebrations symbolize sound health and mental peace. Happiness and Prosperity Dreams about birthdays foretell happiness, success, and prosperity. To dream of being young represents new enthusiasm or feeling of vigor. A fresh outlook on your life.
A renewed sense of interest, motivation, or vitality. New ideas or wanting to try something new. Feeling playful. A part of you that has potential for growth and change. The start of something new. Genesis God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do. Why your dream of your ex-boyfriend. You wish to get back together.
You are experiencing conflict. Your current relationship lacks passion. You are experiencing. To dream of a boyfriend who you've never seen in real life leaving you represents new situations, habits, or beliefs that were supportive of you and no longer are.
To dream of cheating on your. The short story Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne is about a man and his faith in himself, his wife, and his society. There are many questions lingering in the mind of a reader after reading the short story Young Goodman Brown. The biggest unknown in the short story is that whether the trip through the Salem woods a dream or a reality. Dream About Young Man is an omen for unpredictability and versatility.
You need to seek some outside advice. Your future and goals are more clearer to you. This dream denotes grandeur and greatness. You are experiencing pure joy. Dream about Dating Younger Man is an indication for your ability to resist temptations. The dream about your younger self may be a sign that these traumatic memories and negative feelings are reemerging in your mind.
You have to address them before you can start to move on. You have basically opened up Pandora's Box for feelings, so now you have to find a way to sort through the emotions that have been released from the box. If you dream about your partner, it usually means you have a strong connection; your thoughts and feelings of love for them in real life are connected to your emotions in your dream. Dreams reflect our waking reality, so if you love them in a dream, it usually means you love them in real life too, and they have been on your mind.
During the REM rapid eye movement phase of. These myths and misconceptions often lead to the wrong outworking of preaching the Gospel and a wrong way of interacting with the world around us. When dreaming of unknown dead people, it is often just one, or a few, dead people that show up.
Less likely than this, but a dream that does happen is dreaming of many dead people. These dreams are not pleasant and are often the bringers of difficult news to swallow. It shows a lack of trust and that you have a strong distrust for someone or.
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